FIBA Official Basketball rules 2020

2020 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES BASKETBALL RULES & BASKETBALL EQUIPMENT Valid as of 1st October 2020

Official Basketball Rules 2020 As approved by FIBA Central Board Mies, Switzerland, 27th March 2020 Valid as of 1st October 2020 v1.0a

Page 4 of 97 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 June 2020 TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS.................................................................................................................... 4 TABLE OF DIAGRAMS ................................................................................................................... 5 RULE ONE – THE GAME................................................................................................................. 6 Art. 1 Definitions ....................................................................................................................................6 RULE TWO – PLAYING COURT AND EQUIPMENT ...................................................................... 7 Art. 2 Playing court................................................................................................................................7 Art. 3 Equipment ..................................................................................................................................12 RULE THREE – TEAMS................................................................................................................. 13 Art. 4 Teams .........................................................................................................................................13 Art. 5 Players: Injury and assistance ...............................................................................................16 Art. 6 Captain: Duties and powers ....................................................................................................16 Art. 7 Head coach and first assistant coach: Duties and powers...............................................16 RULE FOUR – PLAYING REGULATIONS ..................................................................................... 18 Art. 8 Playing time, tied score and overtime...................................................................................18 Art. 9 Beginning and end of a quarter, overtime or the game .....................................................18 Art. 10 Status of the ball .......................................................................................................................19 Art. 11 Location of a player and a referee.........................................................................................20 Art. 12 Jump ball and alternating possession ..................................................................................20 Art. 13 How the ball is played ..............................................................................................................22 Art. 14 Control of the ball......................................................................................................................22 Art. 15 Player in the act of shooting ...................................................................................................22 Art. 16 Goal: When made and its value..............................................................................................23 Art. 17 Throw-in .....................................................................................................................................24 Art. 18 Time-out .....................................................................................................................................25 Art. 19 Substitution ................................................................................................................................27 Art. 20 Game lost by forfeit ..................................................................................................................28 Art. 21 Game lost by default.................................................................................................................29 RULE FIVE – VIOLATIONS ........................................................................................................... 30 Art. 22 Violations....................................................................................................................................30 Art. 23 Player out-of-bounds and ball out-of-bounds......................................................................30 Art. 24 Dribbling .....................................................................................................................................30 Art. 25 Travelling....................................................................................................................................31 Art. 26 3 seconds ...................................................................................................................................32 Art. 27 Closely guarded player ............................................................................................................32 Art. 28 8 seconds ...................................................................................................................................32 Art. 29 24 seconds .................................................................................................................................33 Art. 30 Ball returned to the backcourt ...............................................................................................35 Art. 31 Goaltending and Interference ................................................................................................36 RULE SIX – FOULS........................................................................................................................ 38 Art. 32 Fouls ............................................................................................................................................38 Art. 33 Contact: General principles ....................................................................................................38 Art. 34 Personal foul..............................................................................................................................44 Art. 35 Double foul .................................................................................................................................44 Art. 36 Technical foul ............................................................................................................................45

June 2020 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 Page 5 of 97 Art. 37 Unsportsmanlike foul ...............................................................................................................46 Art. 38 Disqualifying foul ......................................................................................................................47 Art. 39 Fighting .......................................................................................................................................49 RULE SEVEN – GENERAL PROVISIONS ..................................................................................... 50 Art. 40 5 fouls by a player .....................................................................................................................50 Art. 41 Team fouls: Penalty ..................................................................................................................50 Art. 42 Special situations .....................................................................................................................50 Art. 43 Free throws ................................................................................................................................51 Art. 44 Correctable errors ....................................................................................................................53 RULE EIGHT – REFEREES, TABLE OFFICIALS, COMMISSIONER: DUTIES AND POWERS .... 55 Art. 45 Referees, table officials and commissioner .........................................................................55 Art. 46 Crew chief: Duties and powers ..............................................................................................55 Art. 47 Referees: Duties and powers .................................................................................................56 Art. 48 Scorer and assistant scorer: Duties ......................................................................................57 Art. 49 Timer: Duties..............................................................................................................................58 Art. 50 Shot clock operator: Duties ....................................................................................................59 A – REFEREES’ SIGNALS ............................................................................................................. 61 B – THE SCORESHEET ................................................................................................................. 69 C – PROTEST PROCEDURE .......................................................................................................... 78 D – CLASSIFICATION OF TEAMS ............................................................................................... 79 E – MEDIA TIME-OUTS................................................................................................................ 87 F – INSTANT REPLAY SYSTEM................................................................................................... 88 INDEX TO THE RULES .................................................................................................................. 90 TABLE OF DIAGRAMS Diagram 1 Full size playing court ......................................................................................................8 Diagram 2 Restricted area ...............................................................................................................10 Diagram 3 2-point/3-point field goal area......................................................................................10 Diagram 4 Scorer's table and substitution chairs .......................................................................11 Diagram 5 Cylinder principle ...........................................................................................................39 Diagram 6 Players' positions during free throws.........................................................................52 Diagram 7 Referees' signals............................................................................................................68 Diagram 8 Scoresheet ......................................................................................................................69 Diagram 9 Top of the scoresheet....................................................................................................70 Diagram 10 Teams on the scoresheet (before the game) ............................................................71 Diagram 11 Teams on the scoresheet (after the game) ...............................................................72 Diagram 12 Running score.................................................................................................................76 Diagram 13 Summing up.....................................................................................................................77 Diagram 14 Bottom of the scoresheet .............................................................................................77

Page 6 of 97 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 June 2020 Throughout the Official Basketball Rules, all references made to a player, coach, referee, etc. in the male gender also apply to the female gender. It must be understood that this is done for practical reasons only. RULE ONE – THE GAME Art. 1 Definitions 1.1 Basketball game Basketball is played by 2 teams of 5 players each. The aim of each team is to score in the opponents' basket and to prevent the other team from scoring. The game is controlled by the referees, table officials and a commissioner, if present. 1.2 Basket: opponents'/own The basket that is attacked by a team is the opponents' basket and the basket which is defended by a team is its own basket. 1.3 Winner of a game The team that has scored the greater number of game points at the end of playing time shall be the winner.

June 2020 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 Page 7 of 97 RULE TWO – PLAYING COURT AND EQUIPMENT Art. 2 Playing court 2.1 Playing court The playing court shall have a flat, hard surface free from obstructions (Diagram 1) with dimensions of 28 m in length by 15 m in width measured from the inner edge of the boundary line. 2.2 Backcourt A team's backcourt consists of its team's own basket, the inbounds part of the backboard and that part of the playing court limited by the endline behind its own basket, the sidelines and the centre line. 2.3 Frontcourt A team's frontcourt consists of the opponents' basket, the inbounds part of the backboard and that part of the playing court limited by the endline behind the opponents' basket, the sidelines and the inner edge of the centre line nearest to the opponents' basket. 2.4 Lines All lines shall be of the same colour and drawn in white or other contrasting colour, 5 cm in width and clearly visible. 2.4.1 Boundary line The playing court shall be limited by the boundary line, consisting of the endlines and the sidelines. These lines are not part of the playing court. Any obstruction including seated head coach, first assistant coach, substitutes, excluded players and accompanying delegation members shall be at least 2 m from the playing court. 2.4.2 Centre line, centre circle and free-throw semi-circles The centre line shall be marked parallel to the endlines from the mid-point of the sidelines. It shall extend 0.15 m beyond each sideline. The centre line is part of the backcourt. The centre circle shall be marked in the centre of the playing court and have a radius of 1.80 m measured to the outer edge of the circumference. The free-throw semi-circles shall be marked on the playing court with a radius of 1.80 m measured to the outer edge of the circumference and with their centres at the mid-point of the free-throw lines (Diagram 2).

Page 8 of 97 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 June 2020 Diagram 1 Full size playing court

June 2020 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 Page 9 of 97 2.4.3 Free-throw lines, restricted areas and free-throw rebound places The free-throw line shall be drawn parallel to each endline. It shall have its furthest edge 5.80 m from the inner edge of the endline and shall be 3.60 m long. Its mid-point shall lie on the imaginary line joining the mid-point of the 2 endlines. The restricted areas shall be the rectangular areas marked on the playing court limited by the endlines, the extended free-throw lines and the lines which originate at the endlines, their outer edges being 2.45 m from the mid-point of the endlines and terminating at the outer edge of the extended free-throw lines. These lines, excluding the endlines, are part of the restricted area. Free-throw rebound places along the restricted areas, reserved for players during free throws, shall be marked as in Diagram 2. 2.4.4 3-point field goal area The team's 3-point field goal area (Diagram 1 and Diagram 3) shall be the entire floor area of the playing court, except for the area near the opponents' basket, limited by and including: • The 2 parallel lines extending from and perpendicular to the endline, with the outer edge 0.90 m from the inner edge of the sidelines. • An arc of radius 6.75 m measured from the point on the floor beneath the exact centre of the opponents' basket to the outer edge of the arc. The distance of the point on the floor from the inner edge of the mid-point of the endline is 1.575 m. The arc is joined to the parallel lines. The 3-point line is not part of the 3-point field goal area. 2.4.5 Team bench areas The team bench areas shall be marked outside the playing court limited by 2 lines as in Diagram 1. There must be 16 seats available in each team bench area for the head coach, the assistant coaches, the substitutes, the excluded players and the accompanying delegation members. Any other persons shall be at least 2 m behind the team bench. 2.4.6 Throw-in lines The 2 lines of 0.15 m in length shall be marked outside the playing court at the sideline opposite the scorer’s table, with the outer edge of the lines 8.325 m from the inner edge of the nearest endline. 2.4.7 No-charge semi-circle areas The no-charge semi-circle areas shall be marked on the playing court, limited by: • A semi-circle with the radius of 1.25 m measured from the point on the floor beneath the exact centre of the basket to the inner edge of the semi-circle. The semi-circle is joined to: • The 2 parallel lines perpendicular to the endline, the inner edge 1.25 m from the point on the floor beneath the exact centre of the basket, 0.375 m in length and ending 1.20 m from the inner edge of the endline.

Page 10 of 97 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 June 2020 The no-charge semi-circle areas are completed by imaginary lines joining the ends of the parallel lines directly below the front edges of the backboards. The no-charge semi-circle lines are part of the no-charge semi-circle areas. Diagram 2 Restricted area Diagram 3 2-point/3-point field goal area

June 2020 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 Page 11 of 97 2.5 Position of the scorer's table and substitution chairs (Diagram 4) The scorer's table and its chairs must be placed on a platform. The announcer and/or statisticians (if present) can be seated at the side of and/or behind the scorer’s table. Diagram 4 Scorer's table and substitution chairs

Page 12 of 97 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 June 2020 Art. 3 Equipment The following equipment shall be required: • Backstop units, consisting of: ▬ Backboards ▬ Baskets comprising (pressure release) rings and nets ▬ Backboard support structures including padding. • Basketballs • Game clock • Scoreboard • Shot clock • Stopwatch or suitable (visible) device (not the game clock) for timing time-outs • 2 separate, distinctly different and loud signals, one of each for the ▬ shot clock operator, ▬ timer. • Scoresheet • Player foul markers • Team foul markers • Alternating possession arrow • Playing floor • Playing court • Adequate lighting. For a more detailed description of basketball equipment, see the Appendix on Basketball Equipment.

June 2020 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 Page 13 of 97 RULE THREE – TEAMS Art. 4 Teams 4.1 Definition 4.1.1 A team member is eligible to play when he has been authorised to play for a team according to the regulations, including regulations governing age limits, of the organising body of the competition. 4.1.2 A team member is entitled to play when his name has been entered on the scoresheet before the beginning of the game and as long as he has neither been disqualified nor committed 5 fouls. 4.1.3 During playing time, a team member is: • A player when he is on the playing court and is entitled to play. • A substitute when he is not on the playing court but he is entitled to play. • An excluded player when he has committed 5 fouls and is no longer entitled to play. 4.1.4 During an interval of play, all team members entitled to play are considered as players. 4.2 Rule 4.2.1 Each team shall consist of: • No more than 12 team members entitled to play, including a captain. • A head coach. • A maximum of 8 accompanying delegation members, including a maximum of 2 assistant coaches who may sit on the team bench. In case a team has assistant coaches, the first assistant coach shall be entered on the scoresheet. 4.2.2 During playing time 5 team members from each team shall be on the playing court and may be substituted. 4.2.3 A substitute becomes a player and a player becomes a substitute when: • The referee beckons the substitute to enter the playing court. • During a time-out or an interval of play, a substitute requests the substitution to the timer. 4.3 Uniforms 4.3.1 The uniform of all team members shall consist of: • Shirts of the same dominant colour front and back as the shorts. If shirts have sleeves they must end above the elbow. Long sleeved shirts are not permitted. All players must tuck their shirts into their playing shorts. 'All-in-ones' are permitted. • T-shirts, regardless of the style, are not permitted to be worn under the shirts. • Shorts of the same dominant colour front and back as the shirts. The shorts must end above the knee. • Socks of the same dominant colour for all team members. Socks need to be visible.

Page 14 of 97 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 June 2020 4.3.2 Each team member shall wear a shirt numbered on the front and back with plain numbers, of a colour contrasting with the colour of the shirt. The numbers shall be clearly visible and: • Those on the back shall be at least 20 cm high. • Those on the front shall be at least 10 cm high. • The numbers shall be at least 2 cm wide. • Teams may only use numbers 0 and 00 and from 1 to 99. • Players on the same team shall not wear the same number. • Any advertising or logo shall be at least 5 cm away from the numbers. 4.3.3 Teams must have a minimum of 2 sets of shirts and: • The first team named in the schedule (home team) shall wear light-coloured shirts (preferably white). • The second team named in the schedule (visiting team) shall wear dark-coloured shirts. • However, if the 2 teams agree, they may interchange the colours of the shirts. 4.4 Other equipment 4.4.1 All equipment used by players must be appropriate for the game. Any equipment that is designed to increase a player's height or reach or in any other way give an unfair advantage is not permitted. 4.4.2 Players shall not wear equipment (objects) that may cause injury to other players. • The following are not permitted: ▬ Finger, hand, wrist, elbow or forearm guards, helmets, casts or braces made of leather, plastic, pliable (soft) plastic, metal or any other hard substance, even if covered with soft padding. ▬ Objects that could cut or cause abrasions (fingernails must be closely cut). ▬ Hair accessories and jewellery. • The following are permitted: ▬ Shoulder, upper arm, thigh or lower leg protective equipment if sufficiently padded. ▬ Arm and leg compression sleeves. ▬ Headgear. It shall not cover any part of the face entirely or partially (eyes, nose, lips etc.) and shall not be dangerous to the player wearing it and/or to other players. The headgear shall not have opening/closing elements around the face and/or neck and shall not have any parts extruding from its surface. ▬ Knee braces. ▬ Protector for an injured nose, even if made of a hard material. ▬ Non-coloured transparent mouth guard. ▬ Spectacles, if they do not pose a danger to other players. ▬ Wristbands and headbands, maximum of 10 cm wide textile material. ▬ Taping of arms, shoulders, legs etc. ▬ Ankle braces. All players on the team must have all their arm and leg compression sleeves, headgear, wristbands, headbands and tapings of the same solid colour. 4.4.3 During the game a player may wear shoes of any colour combination, but the left and right shoe must match. No flashing lights, reflective material or other adornments are permitted.

June 2020 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 Page 15 of 97 4.4.4 During the game a player may not display any commercial, promotional or charitable name, mark, logo or other identification including, but not limited to, on his body, in his hair or otherwise. 4.4.5 Any other equipment not specifically mentioned in this article must be approved by the FIBA Technical Commission.

Page 16 of 97 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 June 2020 Art. 5 Players: Injury and assistance 5.1 In the event of injury to a player(s), the referees may stop the game. 5.2 If the ball is live when an injury occurs, the referee shall not blow his whistle until the team in control of the ball has shot for a field goal, lost control of the ball, withheld the ball from play or the ball has become dead. If it is necessary to protect an injured player, the referees may stop the game immediately. 5.3 If the injured player cannot continue to play immediately (within approximately 15 seconds) or if he receives treatment or if a player receives any assistance from his own head coach, assistant coaches, team members and/or accompanying delegation members, he must be substituted unless the team is reduced to fewer than 5 players on the playing court. 5.4 Head coach, assistant coaches, substitutes, excluded players and accompanying delegation members may enter the playing court, only with the permission of a referee, to attend to an injured player before he is substituted. 5.5 A doctor may enter the playing court, without the permission of a referee if, in the doctor's judgement, the injured player requires immediate medical treatment. 5.6 During the game, any player who is bleeding or has an open wound must be substituted. He may return to the playing court only after the bleeding has stopped and the affected area or open wound has been completely and securely covered. 5.7 If the injured player or any player who is bleeding or has an open wound, recovers during a time-out taken by either team, before the timer’s signal for the substitution, that player may continue to play. 5.8 Players who have been designated by the head coach to begin the game or who receive treatment between free throws may be substituted in the event of an injury. In this case, the opponents are also entitled to substitute the same number of players, if they so wish. Art. 6 Captain: Duties and powers 6.1 The captain (CAP) is a player designated by his head coach to represent his team on the playing court. He may communicate in a courteous manner with the referees during the game to obtain information only when the ball is dead and the game clock is stopped. 6.2 The captain shall inform the crew chief no later than 15 minutes following the end of the game, if his team is protesting against the result of the game and sign the scoresheet in the 'Captain's signature in case of protest' column. Art. 7 Head coach and first assistant coach: Duties and powers 7.1 At least 40 minutes before the game is scheduled to begin, each head coach or his representative shall give the scorer a list with the names and corresponding numbers of the team members who are eligible to play in the game, as well as the name of the captain of the team, the head coach and the first assistant coach. All team members whose names are entered on the scoresheet are entitled to play, even if they arrive after the beginning of the game.

June 2020 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 Page 17 of 97 7.2 At least 10 minutes before the game is scheduled to begin, each head coach shall confirm his agreement with the names and corresponding numbers of his team members and the names of the head coach and first assistant coach by signing the scoresheet. At the same time, the head coach shall indicate the 5 players to begin the game. The head coach of team 'A' shall be the first to provide this information. 7.3 The head coaches, assistant coaches, substitutes, excluded players and accompanying delegation members are the only persons permitted to sit on the team bench and remain within their team bench area. During playing time all substitutes, excluded players and accompanying delegation members shall remain seated. 7.4 The head coach or the first assistant coach may go to the scorer’s table during the game to obtain statistical information only when the ball becomes dead and the game clock is stopped. 7.5 The head coach may communicate in a courteous manner with the referees during the game to obtain information only when the ball is dead and the game clock is stopped. 7.6 Either the head coach or the first assistant coach, but only one of them at any given time, is permitted to remain standing during the game. They may address the players verbally during the game provided they remain within their team bench area. The first assistant coach shall not communicate with the referees. 7.7 If there is a first assistant coach, his name must be entered on the scoresheet before the beginning of the game (his signature is not necessary). He shall assume all duties and powers of the head coach if, for any reason, the head coach is unable to continue. 7.8 If the captain leaves the playing court, the head coach shall inform a referee of the number of the player who shall act as captain on the playing court. 7.9 The captain shall act as player coach if there is no head coach, or if the head coach is unable to continue and there is no first assistant coach entered on the scoresheet (or the latter is unable to continue). If the captain must leave the playing court, he may continue to act as head coach. If he must leave following a disqualifying foul, or if he is unable to act as head coach because of injury, his substitute as captain may replace him as head coach. 7.10 The head coach shall designate the free-throw shooter of his team in all cases where the free-throw shooter is not determined by the rules.

Page 18 of 97 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 June 2020 RULE FOUR – PLAYING REGULATIONS Art. 8 Playing time, tied score and overtime 8.1 The game shall consist of 4 quarters of 10 minutes each. 8.2 There shall be an interval of play of 20 minutes before the game is scheduled to begin. 8.3 There shall be the intervals of play of 2 minutes between the first and second quarter (first half), between the third and fourth quarter (second half) and before each overtime. 8.4 There shall be a half-time interval of play of 15 minutes. 8.5 An interval of play begins: • 20 minutes before the game is scheduled to begin. • When the game clock signal sounds for the end of the quarter or overtimes. 8.6 An interval of play ends: • At the beginning of the first quarter when the ball leaves the hand(s) of the crew chief on the toss for the jump ball. • At the beginning of all other quarters and overtimes when the ball is at the disposal of the player taking the throw-in. 8.7 If the score is tied at the end of the fourth quarter, the game shall continue with as many overtimes of 5 minutes duration each as necessary to break the tie. If the aggregated score of both games for a 2-games home and away total points series competition system is tied at the end of the second game, this game shall continue with as many overtimes of 5 minutes duration each as necessary to break the tie. 8.8 If a foul is committed during an interval of play, any eventual free throw(s) shall be administered before the beginning of the following quarter or overtime. Art. 9 Beginning and end of a quarter, overtime or the game 9.1 The first quarter begins when the ball leaves the hand(s) of the crew chief on the toss for the jump ball in the centre circle. 9.2 All other quarters or overtimes begin when the ball is at the disposal of the player taking the throw-in. 9.3 The game cannot begin if one of the teams is not on the playing court with 5 players ready to play. 9.4 For all games, the first team named in the schedule (home team) shall have the team bench and its own basket on the left side of the scorer’s table, facing the playing court. However, if the 2 teams agree, they may interchange the team benches and/or baskets. 9.5 Before the first and third quarter, teams are entitled to warm-up in the half of the playing court in which their opponents' basket is located. 9.6 Teams shall exchange baskets for the second half. 9.7 In all overtimes the teams shall continue to play towards the same baskets as in the fourth quarter.

June 2020 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 Page 19 of 97 9.8 A quarter, overtime or game shall end when the game clock signal sounds for the end of the quarter or overtime. When the backboard is equipped with red lighting around its perimeter, the lighting takes precedence over the game clock signal sound. Art. 10 Status of the ball 10.1 The ball can be either live or dead. 10.2 The ball becomes live when: • During the jump ball, the ball leaves the hand(s) of the crew chief on the toss. • During a free throw, the ball is at the disposal of the free-throw shooter. • During a throw-in, the ball is at the disposal of the player taking the throw-in. 10.3 The ball becomes dead when: • Any field goal or free throw is made. • A referee blows his whistle while the ball is live. • It is apparent that the ball will not enter the basket on a free throw which is to be followed by: ▬ Another free throw(s). ▬ A further penalty (free throw(s) and/or possession). • The game clock signal sounds for the end of the quarter or overtime. • The shot clock signal sounds while a team is in control of the ball. • The ball in flight on a shot for a field goal is touched by a player from either team after: ▬ A referee blows his whistle. ▬ The game clock signal sounds for the end of the quarter or overtime. ▬ The shot clock signal sounds. 10.4 The ball does not become dead and the goal counts if made when: • The ball is in flight on a shot for a field goal and: ▬ A referee blows his whistle. ▬ The game clock signal sounds for the end of the quarter or overtime. ▬ The shot clock signal sounds. • The ball is in flight on a free throw and a referee blows his whistle for any rule infraction other than by the free-throw shooter. • The ball is in the control of a player in the act of shooting for a field goal who finishes his shot with a continuous motion which started before a foul is charged on any opponents’ player or on any person permitted to sit on the opponents’ team bench. This provision does not apply, and the goal shall not count if: ▬ After a referee blows his whistle and an entirely new act of shooting is made. ▬ During the continuous motion of a player in the act of shooting the game clock signal sounds for the end of the quarter or overtime or the shot clock signal sounds.

Page 20 of 97 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 June 2020 Art. 11 Location of a player and a referee 11.1 The location of a player is determined by where he is touching the floor. While he is airborne, he retains the same status he had when he last touched the floor. This includes the boundary line, the centre line, the 3-point line, the free-throw line, the lines delimiting the restricted area and the lines delimiting the no-charge semi-circle area. 11.2 The location of a referee is determined in the same manner as that of a player. When the ball touches a referee, it is the same as touching the floor at the referee's location. Art. 12 Jump ball and alternating possession 12.1 Jump ball definition 12.1.1 A jump ball occurs when a referee tosses the ball between any 2 opponents. 12.1.2 A held ball occurs when one or more players from opposing teams have one or both hands firmly on the ball so that neither player can gain control without undue roughness. 12.2 Jump ball procedure 12.2.1 Each jumper shall stand with both feet inside the half of the centre circle nearest to his own basket with one foot close to the centre line. 12.2.2 Team-mates may not occupy adjacent positions around the circle if an opponent wishes to occupy one of those positions. 12.2.3 The referee shall then toss the ball vertically upwards between the 2 opponents, higher than either of them can reach by jumping. 12.2.4 The ball must be tapped with the hand(s) of at least one of the jumpers after it reaches its highest point. 12.2.5 Neither jumper shall leave his position until the ball has been legally tapped. 12.2.6 Neither jumper may catch the ball or tap it more than twice until it has touched one of the non-jumpers or the floor. 12.2.7 If the ball is not tapped by at least one of the jumpers, the jump ball shall be repeated. 12.2.8 No part of a non-jumper's body may be on or over the circle line (cylinder) before the ball has been tapped. An infraction of Art. 12.2.1, 12.2.4, 12.2.5, 12.2.6, and 12.2.8 is a violation. 12.3 Jump ball situations A jump ball situation occurs when: • A held ball is called. • The ball goes out-of-bounds and the referees are in doubt or disagree about which of the opponents last touched the ball. • A double free-throw violation occurs during an unsuccessful last free throw. • A live ball lodges between the ring and the backboard except: ▬ Between free throws, ▬ After the last free throw followed by a throw-in from the throw-in line in the team’s frontcourt.

June 2020 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 Page 21 of 97 • The ball becomes dead when neither team has control of the ball nor is entitled to the ball. • After the cancellation of equal penalties on both teams, if there are no other foul penalties remaining for administration and neither team had control of the ball nor was entitled to the ball before the first foul or violation. • All quarters other than the first one and all overtimes are to begin. 12.4 Alternating possession definition 12.4.1 Alternating possession is a method of causing the ball to become live with a throw-in rather than a jump ball. 12.4.2 Alternating possession throw-in: • Begins when the ball is at the disposal of the player taking the throw-in. • Ends when: ▬ The ball touches or is legally touched by any player on the playing court. ▬ The team taking the throw-in commits a violation. ▬ A live ball lodges between the ring and the backboard during a throw-in. 12.5 Alternating possession procedure 12.5.1 In all jump ball situations teams shall alternate possession of the ball for a throw-in from the place nearest to where the jump ball situation occurs, except directly behind the backboard. 12.5.2 The team that does not gain control of the live ball on the playing court after the jump ball shall be entitled to the first alternating possession. 12.5.3 The team entitled to the next alternating possession at the end of any quarter or overtime shall begin the next quarter or overtime with a throw-in from the centre line extended, opposite the scorer’s table, unless there are further free throws and a possession penalty to be administered. 12.5.4 The team entitled to the alternating possession throw-in shall be indicated by the alternating possession arrow in the direction of the opponents’ basket. The direction of the alternating possession arrow shall be reversed immediately when the alternating possession throw-in ends. 12.5.5 A violation by a team during its alternating possession throw-in causes that team to lose the alternating possession throw-in. The direction of the alternating possession arrow shall be reversed immediately, indicating that the opponents of the violating team shall be entitled to the alternating possession throw-in at the next jump ball situation. The game shall then be resumed by awarding the ball to the opponents of the violating team for a throw-in from the place of the original throw-in. 12.5.6 A foul by either team: • Before the beginning of a quarter other than the first one or an overtime, or • During the alternating possession throw-in, does not cause the team entitled to the throw-in to lose that alternating possession.

Page 22 of 97 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 June 2020 Art. 13 How the ball is played 13.1 Definition During the game, the ball is played with the hand(s) only and may be passed, thrown, tapped, rolled or dribbled in any direction, subject to the restrictions of these rules. 13.2 Rule A player shall not run with the ball, deliberately kick or block it with any part of the leg or strike it with the fist. However, to accidentally come into contact with or touch the ball with any part of the leg is not a violation. An infraction of Art. 13.2 is a violation. Art. 14 Control of the ball 14.1 Definition 14.1.1 Team control starts when a player of that team is in control of a live ball by holding or dribbling it or has a live ball at his disposal. 14.1.2 Team control continues when: • A player of that team is in control of a live ball. • The ball is being passed between team-mates. 14.1.3 Team control ends when: • An opponent gains control. • The ball becomes dead. • The ball has left the player's hand(s) on a shot for a field goal or for a free throw. Art. 15 Player in the act of shooting 15.1 Definition 15.1.1 A shot for a field goal or a free throw is when the ball is held in a player’s hand(s) and is then thrown into the air towards the opponents' basket. A tap for a field goal is when the ball is directed with the hand(s) towards the opponents' basket. A dunk for a field goal is when the ball is forced downwards into the opponents' basket with one or both hands. A continuous movement on drives to the basket or other moving shots is an action of a player who catches the ball while he is progressing or upon completion of the dribble and then continues with the shooting motion, usually upwards. 15.1.2 The act of shooting on a shot: • Begins when the player starts, in the judgement of a referee, to move the ball upwards towards the opponents’ basket. • Ends when the ball has left the player’s hand(s), or if an entirely new act of shooting is made and, in case of an airborne shooter, both feet have returned to the floor.

June 2020 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 Page 23 of 97 15.1.3 The act of shooting in a continuous movement on drives to the basket or other moving shots: • Begins when the ball has come to rest in the player’s hand(s), upon completion of a dribble or a catch in the air and the player starts, in the judgment of the referee, the shooting motion preceding the release of the ball for a field goal. • Ends when the ball has left the player’s hand(s), or if an entirely new act of shooting is made and, in case of an airborne shooter, both feet have returned to the floor. 15.1.4 There is no relationship between the number of legal steps taken and the act of shooting. 15.1.5 During the act of shooting the player might have his arm(s) held by an opponent, thus preventing him from scoring. In this case it is not essential that the ball leaves the player's hand(s). 15.1.6 When a player is in the act of shooting and after being fouled he passes the ball off, he is no longer considered to have been in the act of shooting. Art. 16 Goal: When made and its value 16.1 Definition 16.1.1 A goal is made when a live ball enters the basket from above and remains within or passes through the basket entirely. 16.1.2 The ball is considered to be within the basket when the slightest part of the ball is within the basket and below the level of the ring. 16.2 Rule 16.2.1 A goal is credited to the team attacking the opponents’ basket into which the ball has entered as follows: • A goal released from a free throw counts 1 point. • A goal released from the 2-point field goal area counts 2 points. • A goal released from the 3-point field goal area counts 3 points. • After the ball has touched the ring on a last free throw and is legally touched by any player before it enters the basket, the goal counts 2 points. 16.2.2 If a player accidentally scores a field goal in his team’s basket, the goal counts 2 points and shall be entered on the scoresheet as having been scored by the captain of the opponents’ team on the playing court. 16.2.3 If a player deliberately scores a field goal in his team’s basket, it is a violation and the goal does not count. 16.2.4 If a player causes the entire ball to pass through the basket from below, it is a violation. 16.2.5 The game clock or the shot clock must show 0.3 (3 tenths of a second) or more for a player to gain control of the ball on a throw-in or on a rebound after the last free throw in order to attempt a shot for a field goal. If the game clock or the shot clock show 0.2 or 0.1 the only type of a valid field goal made is by tapping or directly dunking the ball, provided that the hand(s) of the player are no longer touching the ball when the game clock or the shot clock show 0.0.

Page 24 of 97 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 June 2020 Art. 17 Throw-in 17.1 Definition 17.1.1 A throw-in occurs when the ball is passed into the playing court by the out-of-bounds player taking the throw-in. 17.2 Procedure 17.2.1 A referee must hand or place the ball at the disposal of the player taking the throwin. He may also toss or bounce pass the ball provided that: • The referee is no more than 4 m from the player taking the throw-in. • The player taking the throw-in is at the correct place as designated by the referee. 17.2.2 The player shall take the throw-in from the place nearest to the infraction or where the game was stopped, except directly behind the backboard. 17.2.3 At the beginning of all quarters other than the first one and all overtimes, the throwin shall be administered from the centre line extended, opposite the scorer's table. The player taking the throw-in shall have one foot on either side of the centre line extended, opposite the scorer’s table, and shall be entitled to pass the ball to a teammate at any place on the playing court. 17.2.4 When the game clock shows 2:00 minutes or less in the fourth quarter or overtime, following a time-out taken by the team that is entitled to the possession of the ball from its backcourt, the head coach of that team has the right to decide whether the game shall be resumed with a throw-in from the throw-in line in the team’s frontcourt or from the team’s backcourt at the place nearest to where the game was stopped. 17.2.5 Following a personal foul committed by a player of the team in control of a live ball, or of the team entitled to the ball, the game shall be resumed with a throw-in from the place nearest to the infraction. 17.2.6 Following a technical foul, the game shall be resumed with a throw-in from the place nearest to where the ball was located when the technical foul was called, unless otherwise stated in these rules. 17.2.7 Following an unsportsmanlike or disqualifying foul, the game shall be resumed with a throw-in from the throw-in line at the team’s frontcourt, unless otherwise stated in these rules. 17.2.8 Following a fight, the game shall be resumed as stated in Art. 39. 17.2.9 Whenever the ball enters the basket, but the field goal or the free throw is not valid, the game shall be resumed with a throw-in from the free-throw line extended. 17.2.10 Following a successful field goal or a successful last free throw: • Any player of the non-scoring team shall take the throw-in from any place behind that team’s endline. This is also applicable after a referee hands or places the ball at the disposal of the player taking the throw-in after a time-out or after any interruption of the game following a successful field goal or a successful last free throw. • The player taking the throw-in may move laterally and/or backwards and the ball may be passed between team-mates behind the endline, but the 5-second count starts when the ball is at the disposal of the first player out-of-bounds.

June 2020 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 Page 25 of 97 17.3 Rule 17.3.1 The player taking the throw-in shall not: • Take more than 5 seconds to release the ball. • Step into the playing court while having the ball in his hand(s). • Cause the ball to touch out-of-bounds, after it has been released on the throwin. • Touch the ball on the playing court before it has touched another player. • Cause the ball to enter the basket directly. • Move from the designated throw-in place behind the boundary line laterally in one or both directions, exceeding a total distance of 1 m before releasing the ball. However, he is permitted to move directly backwards from the boundary line as far as circumstances allow. 17.3.2 During the throw-in other player(s) shall not: • Have any part of their bodies over the boundary line before the ball has been thrown-in across the boundary line. • Be closer than 1 m to the player taking the throw-in when the throw-in place has less than 2 m distance between the boundary line and any out-of-bounds obstructions. 17.3.3 When the game clock shows 2:00 minutes or less in the fourth quarter and in each overtime, and there is a throw-in, the referee shall use an illegal boundary line crossing signal as a warning while administering the throw-in. If a defensive player: • Moves any part of his body over the boundary line to interfere with a throw-in, or • Is closer than 1 m to the player taking the throw-in when the throw-in place has less than 2 m distance, it is a violation and shall lead to a technical foul. An infraction of Art. 17.3 is a violation. 17.4 Penalty The ball is awarded to the opponents for a throw-in from the place of the original throwin. Art. 18 Time-out 18.1 Definition A time-out is an interruption of the game requested by the head coach or first assistant coach. 18.2 Rule 18.2.1 Each time-out shall last 1 minute. 18.2.2 A time-out may be granted during a time-out opportunity. 18.2.3 A time-out opportunity begins when: • For both teams, the ball becomes dead, the game clock is stopped and the referee has ended his communication with the scorer's table. • For both teams, the ball becomes dead following a successful last free throw. • For the non-scoring team, a field goal is scored. 18.2.4 A time-out opportunity ends when the ball is at the disposal of a player for a throw-in or for a first free throw.

Page 26 of 97 OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2020 June 2020 18.2.5 Each team may be granted: • 2 time-outs during the first half. • 3 time-outs during the second half with a maximum of 2 of these time-outs when the game clock shows 2:00 minutes or less in the fourth quarter. • 1 time-out during each overtime. 18.2.6 Unused time-outs may not be carried over to the next half or overtime. 18.2.7 A time-out is charged on the team whose head coach first made a request unless the time-out is granted following a field goal scored by the opponents and without an infraction having been called. 18.2.8 A time-out shall not be permitted to the scoring team when the game clock shows 2:00 minutes or less in the fourth quarter and in each overtime and, following a successful field goal unless a referee has interrupted the game. 18.3 Procedure 18.3.1 Only a head coach or first assistant coach has the right to request a time-out. He shall establish visual contact with the scorer’s table or he shall go to the scorer’s table and ask clearly for a time-out, making the proper conventional sign with his hands. 18.3.2 A time-out request may be cancelled only before the timer's signal has sounded for such a request. 18.3.3 The time-out period: • Begins when the referee blows his whistle and gives the time-out signal. • Ends when the referee blows his whistle and beckons the teams back on the playing court. 18.3.4 As soon as a time-out opportunity begins, the timer shall sound his signal to notify the referees that a team has requested a time-out. If a field goal is scored against a team which has requested a time-out, the timer shall immediately stop the game clock and sound his signal. 18.3.5 During the time-out and during an interval of play before the beginning of the second and fourth quarter or each overtime the players may leave the playing court and sit on the team bench and any person permitted to sit on the team bench may enter the playing court provided they remain within the vicinity of their team bench area. 18.3.6 If the request for the time-out is made by either team after the ball is at the disposal of the free-throw shooter for the first free throw, the time-out shall be granted if: • The last free throw is successful. • The last free throw, if not successful, is followed by a throw-in. • A foul is called between free throws. In this case the free throw(s) shall be completed, and the time-out shall be permitted before the new foul penalty is administered, unless otherwise stated in these rules. • A foul is called before the ball becomes live after the last free throw. In this case the time-out shall be permitted before the new foul penalty is administered. • A violation is called before the ball becomes live after the last free throw. In this case the time-out shall be permitted before the throw-in is administered. In the event of consecutive sets of free throws and/or possession of the ball resulting from more than 1 foul penalty, each set is to be treated separately.

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